Texas Pecos Trail Region

Participant in the Texas Historical Commission's
Texas Heritage Trails Program

Sheffield: Fort Lancaster State Historic Site

The U.S. Army established Fort Lancaster in 1855 near an important crossing of the Pecos River on the military road between San Antonio and El Paso. The garrison's principal work was in providing escorts for mail carriers, wagon trains, and settlers. Buffalo Soldiers from the 9th U.S. Cavalry used this sub-post of Fort Stockton for a few years following the Civil War, and several engagements between the soldiers and Native Americans took place in this area.

Fort Lancaster State Historic Site, a Texas Historical Commission property, is open to visitors, who may walk through the ruins and peruse a museum exhibit that contains a variety of artifacts found during excavations of the site conducted in the 1970s. Events offered at Fort Lancaster include archeology awareness days and living history education days.


  • 629 Fort Lancaster Road
  • Sheffield, Texas
  • 79781


Hours & Fees

  • Open daily 9 a.m.–5 p.m. 

  • Adults: $4 
    Ages 6-18/Students with ID/Adult Tour Groups: $3 per person 
    5 and under: free 
    School Groups: $1 per student (reservations required)

Map & Directions

The site is located 8 miles east of Sheffield off Interstate 10 on U.S. Highway 290 (Scenic Loop). Take Exit 325 east and travel approximately 13 miles on Hwy. 290 to the site (you can also take Exit 343 west and travel approximately 11 miles on Hwy. 290 to the site).


Texas State Historical Association logo
Read more about Fort Lancaster in the Handbook of Texas Online.