Texas Pecos Trail Region

Participant in the Texas Historical Commission's
Texas Heritage Trails Program

Toyahvale: Balmorhea State Park


Native Americans, early explorers, and 19th century settlers traveling through the desert landscape around the present-day Balmorhea State Park were no doubt surprised to discover the artesian springs here rising to the surface. The springs’ flow rate, currently measured at around fifteen million gallons per day, is a remarkable amount of water to find in a high, dry desert environment. The source, a large underground aquifer system that moves water through porous limestone and along fault lines deep in the earth, begins approximately four hundred miles to the northwest of the springs and is supplemented by rains falling across the nearby Davis Mountains.

In 1934, the Texas State Parks Board purchased the springs and surrounding acreage, recruiting Company 1856 of the Civilian Conservation Corps to transform the natural phenomena into a state park. The CCC men constructed a 1.75 acre pool around the springs, eliminating the natural wetland, called a cienega, which originally collected much of the spring water. In addition, the CCC built a concession building, two bath houses, and motel accommodations called San Solomon Courts. Operated by a private concessionaire until 1968, the state park now hosts over a quarter million visitors each year.


  • 9207 Hwy 17 South
  • Toyahvale, Texas
  • 79786


Hours & Fees

  • Open 7 days a week year-round.

  • Adults: $7, Children 12 and under: Free.



Texas State Historical Association logo
Read more about Balmorhea State Recreation Area and San Solomon Springs in the Handbook of Texas Online.